Brushing and flossing is very important, as the doctors and staff at Venier Dental Group always advise. But sometimes the lack of brushing and flossing or certain conditions can cause periodontal desease.
Periodontal disease happens when the tissues supporting the teeth get infected. Tobacco, defective fillings, crooked teeth, poorly fitting crowns, bridges, or dentures, some medicine such as cancer therapy drugs, oral contraceptives, and disease such as diabetes are common causes of these infections. Bleeding of gums, loosening of teeth, reddening and swelling of the gums and persistent bad breath or taste of the mouth are usual symptoms of periodontal disease.
The doctors at Venier Dental Group can evaluate your periodontal condition. If caught early enough, the doctors at Venier Dental Group will be able to perform the proper kind of gum treatment to eliminate the infection as soon as possible, before any irreversible damage is made to the teeth or their roots.
Two kinds of gum treatments are used in periodontics; surgical and nonsurgical. Also, different levels of treatment, depending on the severity of the disease, are performed by the family dentist. One procedure is root planing, which is one of the non-surgical gum treatments. The bacteria and infection are removed from the gum, which provides an environment healthy enough for the gums to heal. Applying medication to the place of infection is another way which was developed recently due to the advancements achieved in the field on gum disease.
There are also oral medications that bolster the response of body immune system to the bacteria causing the infection. All these medications are antibiotics that are applied either directly to the gum, taken orally or used as a mouthwash to help cure the gums.
If these methods cannot control the infection or the damage to the teeth and gums are severe, you may need to have surgery. We would refer you to a Periodontist for treatment. One of the surgical methods they may use is gingivectomy, in which the diseased gums are removed so that there are no more pockets for the bacteria to accumulate. Another method they may use is a flap procedure in which the roots are cleaned and damages are repaired.
If teeth or their roots are severely damaged, we would need to extract the damaged teeth. You may need to take antibiotics after the surgery as well to make sure the gum treatment is complete and totally cured.
The doctors at Venier Dental Group can evaluate your periodontal condition and treat you or refer you to a specialist, as needed.